Totus comitatus


Totus comitatus
Phrase used in charters of earldoms granted by William I to his followers in the great distribution of land following the Conquest = the total or complete rights of an earl. As a *tenant-in-chief, such a lord would not worry about others' powers within his shire, only the king's. Such a *fief would have the power of appointing the *sheriff, the collection of the *third penny, and other matters. The earl might or might not have the right of acting as *justiciar in his shire. Although the phrase suggests a clear-cut set of rights and privileges, in fact each was resolved on its own merits.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Comitatus — 1) Latin word = company, used to refer to the close companions of a lord or king. The usage is a 19c reapplication of the word comitatus, taken from the description in Germania by Tacitus (d. 120) of the Germanic warrior band loyal to their lord …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • HOLLANDIA — Comitatus Galliae Belgicae, dicta quasi Holtlandia, terra lignosa, ut quidam volunt: alii vero existimant eam dici Hollandiam, quasi tertam cavernosam: alii a foeno Hollandiam, quasi Hoylandiam nominatam arbitrantur: sed alii aliam erymologiam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • JARCHAS vel JARCAS — JARCHAS, Vel JARCAS Indorum philosophorum princeps. Philostr. in vita Apoll. Tyanes. Eius septem annuli, quos Apollonio Thyaneo dono dedit, celebres sunt; quorum beneficio illum Iuventae nitorem praetulisse, quamvis iam centesimum Annum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • BENEARNI — urbis primus meminit Aethicus, quam Bencharnum vocat, et inter Novempopulanae civitates 12. septimô locô in vererib. Notitiis ponitur. Benearna urbs Gregorio l. 9. c. 7. Huius Episcopus Galactorius interfuit Concilio Agathae indicto A. C. 506.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • IDSTENIUM — vulgo ITZSTEIN, locus Germ. sup. in Comitatu Saraepontano, sub proprio Com. ex Fam. Nassovia: unde Iystenia, alias Weisbadensis fam. cuius primus conditor fuit Waltavius, fil. secundo genitus Henrici cogn. Divitis, frater Othonis maioris, qui… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • MOSA — I. MOSA fil. Caleb ex Epha concubina, 1. Paral. c. 2. v. 46. Fil. Zamri, filii Ioadae, 1. Paral. c. 8. v. 36. Filius Saharaim ex Hodes uxore. 1. Paral. c. 8. v. 9. II. MOSA vicus in finibus Lingonum, pagoque Bassiniaco; a sonte fluminis Mosae,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • NAMNETES — memorati in Histor. Miscellae MS. l. 6. Ptolemaeo Ναμνῆται Namnetae; Straboni Ναμνῖται, Namnitae; Iul. Caesari Comm. bell. Gall. l. 3. c. 9. Nannetes, ut et Plinio l. 4. c. 18. vulgo Nantois, populi sunt Galliae Celticae, in ora maritima, quorum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • NARBO — I. NARBO fil. Galatae, veterum Gallorum Rex, Narbonis conditor; sit fides penes auctores. Dupleix l. 2. c. 12. mem. Gall. II. NARBO urbs, et colonia Galliae Narbonensis, cui nomen dedit, in ora, apud Atacis fluv. ostia (licet Plin. l. 3. c. 4.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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